Artificial intelligence for chemical fingerprints

Drastic advances in research of artificial intelligence have led to a wide range of fascinating developments in this area over the last decade. Autonomously driven cars, but also everyday applications such as search engines and spam filters illustrate the versatility of methods from the field of artificial intelligence.

Infrared spectroscopy is one of the most valuable experimental methods to gain insight into the world of molecules. Infrared spectra are chemical fingerprints that provide information on the composition and properties of substances and materials. In many cases, these spectra are very complex – a detailed analysis makes computer-aided simulations indispensable.

An international group of researchers led by Philipp Marquand from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna has now found a way to accelerate these simulations using artificial intelligence. For this purpose, so-called artificial neural networks are used, mathematical models of the human brain.

Quantum chemical calculations in principle enable extremely precise prediction of infrared spectra; their applicability in practice is made difficult by the high computational effort associated with them. For this reason, reliable infrared spectra can only be calculated for relatively small chemical systems.

We can now finally simulate chemical problems that could not be overcome with the simulation techniques used up to now, says Michael Gas egger, the first author of the study.

Based on the results of this study, the researchers are confident that their method of spectra prediction will be widely used in the analysis of experimental infrared spectra in the future.

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