Kali Linux is a Debian-derived Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing. It is maintained and funded by Offensive Security Ltd. Mati Aaronic, Devon Kearns and Raphael Hertzog is the core developers.
Why Kali Linux?
With Kali Linux, hacking becomes much easier since you have all the tools you are probably ever going to need. Others can be downloaded easily. Now this tutorial will get you started and you’ll be hacking with Kali Linux before you know it.
Kali Linux has over 600 preinstalled penetration-testing programs, including Arbitrage, Nmap, Wire shark, John the Ripper password cracker, Aircrack-ng, Burp suite and OWASP ZAP web application security scanners. Kali Linux can run natively when installed on a computer’s hard disk, can be booted from a live CD or live USB, or it can run within a virtual machine. It is a supported platform of the Metasploit Project’s Metasploit Framework, a tool for developing and executing security exploits.
Kali Linux is based on Debian Testing. Most packages Kali uses are imported from the Debian repositories.
The developers of Kali Linux aim to make Kali Linux available for ARM devices.
Kali Linux is distributed in 32-bit and 64-bit images for use on hosts based on the x86 instruction set and as an image for the ARM architecture for use on the Beagle Board computer and on Samsung’s ARM Chrome book.
Features of Kali Linux:
It is the first Open Source Android penetration testing platform for Nexus devices, created as a joint effort between the Kali community members “Binky Bear” and Offensive Security. It supports Wireless 802.11 frame injection, one-click MANA Evil Access Point setups, HID keyboard, as well as Bad USB MITM attacks.
Kali Linux has a dedicated project set aside for compatibility and porting to specific Android devices, called Kali Linux Net Hunter.
Backtrack contained a mode known as forensic mode, which was carried over to Kali via live boot. This mode is very popular for many reasons, partly because many Kali users already have a bootable Kali USB drive or CD, and this option makes it easy to apply Kali to a forensic job.
The developers recommend that users test these features extensively before using Kali for real world forensics.
Command Line Interface:
Now, if you are really sure about becoming a hacker, you have to get used to Linux, and specifically the command line interface. It is often compared to command prompt of Windows, but Linux’ cli is much efficient and better than command prompt. What you have to do is do all the usual tasks you do in Windows in cli of Linux. Use cd to navigate, “poweroff “to shutdown, etc.
Tools of Kali Linux:
Kali Linux includes security tools:
- Burp suite
A hacking tool used to find and exploit vulnerabilities in Cisco Network systems:
- John the Ripper
- OWASP ZAP
- Social engineering tools
- Metasploit framework