Linux is a Unix-like, open source and community-developed operating system for computers, servers, mainframes, mobile devices and embedded devices. It is supported on almost every major computer platform including x86, ARM and SPARC, making it one of the most widely supported operating systems.
Just like Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Mac OS X, Linux is an operating system. An operating system is software that manages all of the hardware resources associated with your desktop or laptop. To put it simply the operating system manages the communication between your software and your hardware.
Why Linux Is Better?
1. Open Source:
What is it like when you buy a car, but you cannot see what’s under the hood? Similar is the case with when you use a Windows-powered system.
However, in contrast, Linux is completely an open source project. You can have a look at the source code of a Linux OS, which is a plus.
I know, most people don’t care about this openness of Linux, but to me, this is the most important feature of using GNU/Linux.
Don’t you just hate it when you need to print out those theater tickets or cinema tickets or indeed just need to print out directions to a venue and so you turn on your computer and see the following message: “Installing Update 1 of 356”
Even more annoying is the fact that Windows chooses when it wants to install updates and it will suddenly throw up a message saying that your computer is going to be rebooted.
As a user, it should be up to you when you install updates and they should not be forced on you or you should at least get a decent notice period.
Another downside is that Windows often needs to be rebooted to install the updates.
Linux operating systems need to be updated. There is no getting around that because security holes are patched all the time. You get to choose when those updates are applied and in most cases, the updates can be applied without rebooting the operating system.
Linux even with all the effects and shiny features of the modern desktop environments runs faster than Windows 8.1 and Windows 10.
Users are becoming less reliant on the desktop and more reliant on the web. Do you need all of your processing power taken up with the operating system or do you want something with a lighter footprint letting you get on with your work and play time.
Let’s face it; Windows OS is vulnerable to different types of attacks. However, Linux is not as vulnerable as Windows. It sure isn’t invulnerable, but it is a lot more secure.
It is just the way Linux works that makes it a secure operating system. Overall, the process of package management, the concept of repositories, and a couple more features makes it possible for Linux to be more secure than Windows.
When you have Windows installed, you need to download/purchase an Antivirus program to keep your computer safe from hackers and malware. However, Linux does not require the use of such Anti-Virus programs. Of course, a couple of software tools still exist to help you keep your system free from threats, but it is often unnecessary when you have a Linux system.
For anyone who thinks Windows has the server market cornered, I would ask you to wake up and join the 21st century. Linux can, and does, serve up anything and everything and does it easily and well. It’s fast, secure, easy to configure, and very scalable. And let’s say you don’t happen to be fond of Send mail. If that’s the case you have plenty of alternatives to choose from. Even with serving up Web pages. There are plenty of alternatives to Apache, some of which are incredibly lightweight.
Linux or GNU/Linux (if you like) is free; you can see the source code used to create Linux (kernel). You can check the code to locate bugs, explore security vulnerabilities, or simply study what that code is doing on your machine.
Additionally, you may easily develop and install your own programs into a Linux operating system because of numerous available programming interfaces you need. With all the above features, you can tailor a Linux operating system at its most basic levels, to suit your server needs unlike Windows.